Publications

Jetez un coup d’oeil à quelques-uns de nos rapports de recherche publics:

  • 2021 Band-aid on a bullet wound: Open work permits for employer-tied migrant workers facing workplace abuse – The employer-specific work permits issued to migrant workers in Canada make it inherently difficult to change jobs, producing a power imbalance that favours employers and results in workers enduring situations of abuse. Migrant workers and their allies have long demanded that the government abolish the employer restriction on work permits and issue open work permits to every admitted migrant worker — regardless of national origin or occupation. Increasingly, evidence shows, both globally and in Canada, that employer-specific work permits are a central factor in the structural vulnerability of migrant workers that results in forced labour and the violation of fundamental rights. Even so, the federal government maintains the use of employer-specific work permits and has instead associated it to the Open work permit for vulnerable workers policy (OWP-V) – a measure which, allegedly, negates the harm caused by binding migrant workers to a specific employer or group of employers. Implemented in June 2019, the policy allows immigration officers to issue open work permits to migrant workers on an employer-specific work permit who can demonstrate reasonable grounds to believe that they are experiencing abuse or are at risk of abuse in the context of their employment in Canada. By providing workers with formal access to an open work permit, the policy is supposed to temper the three main negative effects of the employer-specific work permit: worker unfreedom within the labour market, the high proportion of unauthorized employment, and the widespread impunity of employers and recruiters who abuse migrant workers. Launched one year after the measure came into force, this research project sought to assess the policy’s potential to act as a remedy capable of negating the problematic large-scale effects of the employer-specific work permit and whether it had been implemented efficiently from a client-experience perspective. The research confirmed that the policy leaves unaffected the structural obstacles that prevent workers from being able to legally change employers. Recurring issues in the policy’s delivery have also been identified, explaining why it has been so difficult for workers to apply for the OWP-V permit and be approved. While it is possible to improve access to the policy and expand its coverage to allow for the protection of all employer-tied migrant workers, this report concludes that the policy, even if perfectly and more broadly implemented, could not be expected to counteract the high risk of abuse imposed on workers through employer-tying measures, and more specifically, the employer-specific work permit. More extensive reforms that would allow migrant workers to freely circulate in the labour market, and thus have a minimal capacity to exercise their rights in the country, are necessary to fulfill Canada’s commitment to respect the labour rights and the fundamental freedoms of all migrant workers.
  • 2021 Réponse conjointe au Questionnaire sur la traite des personnes – En vue d’établir une évaluation initiale de la portée de la traite humaine au Canada, au niveau national ainsi que régional, le groupe de travail de l’Agence des services frontaliers du Canada, dans le cadre du Plan stratégique national pour combattre la traite humaine,  a demandé l’opinion de diverses ONG. L’ ADDPD, en partenariat avec Services Étoile Filante (SEF), a soumis un mémoire soulignant la manière dont le droit canadien de l’immigration contribue à la traite des personnes venant au Canada en tant que travailleurs étrangers temporaires. Le brief résumait, par ailleurs, un cas québécois récent démontrant pertinemment la manière dont se concrétise la traite de travailleurs migrants à travers le Programme de travailleurs étrangers temporaires.
  • 2021 Mémoire à la Commission de l’économie et du travail de l’Assemblée nationale sur le projet de loi nº 59 – En octobre de 2020, le Ministère du Travail, de l’Emploi et de la Solidarité sociale a introduit un projet de loi qui modifierait le régime québécois de la santé et de la sécurité au travail. Ce projet de loi mettrait fin à la discrimination historique dont sont victimes les travailleuses domestiques, étant exclues de la protection automatique dont bénéficient tout les autres travailleurs et travailleuses. Or, le projet de loi inclut une exclusion fondée sur les heures travaillées – exclusion qui ne s’applique qu’aux travailleuses domestiques. L’ADDPD a soumis un mémoire soutenant que cette nouvelle exclusion perpétue la discrimination et réclamant au gouvernement d’étendre aux travailleuses domestiques une protection égale à celle offerte à tout les autres travailleurs.  
  • 2019 Regulatory and Policy Developments in Canada’s Temporary Foreign Worker Programs – D’importantes réformes aux programmes canadiens de main-d’oeuvre étrangère temporaire ont été mises en œuvre en 2019, et d’autres changements potentiels ont également été annoncés. Voici un aperçu général de quatre changements politiques importants au niveau fédéral ; deux ayant été mis en œuvre et deux en cours d’élaboration.
  • 2018 Care Workers Voices for Landed Status and Fairness (Pinay, Caregivers’ Action Centre (CAC),Vancouver Committee for Domestic Workers and Caregivers Rights, Caregiver Connections, Education and Support Organization (CCESO), Migrant Workers Alliance for Change, Migrante Alberta, L’Association pour la Défense des Droits du Personnel Domestique (ADDPD))

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